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Hugh J. Courtney


Hugh J. Courtney (1932–2020), a veteran and librarian, discovered Steiner’s agriculture course in 1975 at a health food store in College Park, Maryland. This led him to Josephine Porter, who was making biodynamic preparations according to Steiner’s indications. He apprenticed under Josephine and, when she died in 1984, took up her work. He created the Josephine Porter Institute in Woolwine, VA, where he has been making and selling preparations (six compost preparations and 3 others), editing the newsletter Applied Biodynamics, and consulting on all aspects of the biodynamic approach. Hugh Jordan Courtney passed the threshold quietly in his sleep on June 15, 2020, at the age of 87 in Woolwine, Virginia.

Author's photo

Author's Books

Biodynamics for Beginners

Principles and Practice


What Is Biodynamics?

A Way to Heal and Revitalize the Earth