Karl König (1902–1966) was well-known as a physician, author, and lecturer. He began his work at the Institute of Embryology at the University of Vienna. In 1939 he founded the Camphill Movement in Scotland. Based on the educational ideas of Rudolf Steiner, the special education schools for children and villages for adults with special needs are now established all over Britain and Europe, North and South America and Southern Africa. He was the author of numerous books.