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"The Stutter-Step: How a Step Backward Can Become a Step Forward"
Top Tips for Ending Bedtime Despair!
by Floris Books • January 18, 2023 • Extract
Sleep. For new parents especially, it can often be the thing of dreams, and when you find a solution, the world feels that little bit brighter again. But what can you do when your child’s usual bedtime routine isn’t working anymore?
In Raising Sound Sleepers: Helping Children Use Their Senses to Rest and Self-Soothe, Dr Adam Blanning offers practical ways in which parents and caregivers can support children to use their senses – from taste, smell and touch, through to balance and movement – to self-soothe, sleep and ultimately build resilience for life.
Dr Blanning explores a range of methods for children of all ages, from newborns to teenagers, and tackles key parental concerns, including:
• Tips for settling toddlers who always say ‘No!’
• How to establish calming daily rhythms
• Ways to help children settle during times of anxiety
• Self-soothing techniques that can improve disruptive behavior
In the following extract, Dr Blanning identifies Parental Bedtime Despair – that terrible moment when you realize that the sleep technique you were using, stops working – and shares practical steps to help you help your little ones get back to a restful night’s sleep.
• • •
The Stutter-Step: How a Step Backward Can Become a Step Forward
There is a certain part of parenting that is particularly frustrating, and it is universal. It sneaks up on us at particularly vulnerable times and leads to PBD – Parental Bedtime Despair. This may not be a true clinical diagnosis, but it is certainly a true experience when our carefully practiced sleep technique goes bust. It’s usually unexpected and happens when we feel we have finally figured out how to reliably get our children to go to sleep. Having a child who consistently sleeps becomes not just a relief, but a triumph! (Especially after an extended period of sleep deprivation.) But then our soothing technique starts to lose its efficacy and you come down with a bad case of PBD.
There are several variations of this.
A common one in the first months of life goes like this. You’ve figured out that your child will predictably fall asleep as long as they are resting on your chest. It’s a relief to have found an effective soothing method, but then you find that you are stuck. You can’t move, literally. As soon as you start to shift your position, the baby wakes up. With an infant that is perhaps not such a big deal – you can put them in a carrier and still get a lot of other things done while they sleep. But as a child gets bigger, having them need to continually lie on your chest the entire time they are asleep becomes cumbersome. Your child grows too big to comfortably carry, but you still desperately need the young one to restfully sleep.
Something similar can occur when your child is older. You can get your child to fall asleep, but as soon as you slip away from their bedside, they wake up in distress. Now the whole soothing process has to start again. This makes bedtime a long process. Sometimes it even becomes a mutual bedtime, where tired parents lie down and also fall asleep. Then they wake some hours later and move to their own bed, although this may only be a temporary respite if their child wakes in the night and comes to get into bed with them.
A third variation is that your child will predictably go to sleep if you gently rub their back, but as soon as you stop stroking, they wake up. You find that, whereas previously you only needed to scratch or rub their back for one to two minutes, now you are required to sit there and rub for ten minutes, twenty minutes, or even more.
In each instance, something that previously worked well starts losing its efficacy and as a parent you feel stuck.
What can you do? Your first thought might be to comfort your child for longer. This is a very common approach to the problem, especially when, as a parent, you are incredibly tired. You give more cuddling, longer backrubs, more songs, an extra story. This is a natural instinct; after all, providing loving comfort and reassurance is a core part of parenting. But so too is helping your child take a step towards more independent self-soothing at the appropriate time. I have spoken with families who stay only with that first approach, continually adding more steps, and end up with a two-hour bedtime routine. But the very long bedtime actually ends up decreasing the total amount of time a child sleeps.
Most of the time both the child and the parents feel frustrated that things are not working as well as they used to. The child also wants to find a new and better way to settle. Even though you may fear that making a change will lead to more disruption and less sleep, a good next step is to shift your bedtime routine and do less.
As the parent, you have probably been doing 95 percent of the soothing process to get your child to go to sleep. Now you need to step back to about 70 to 80 percent, which means more of the process is being given to your child as a practice space. This does not mean abandoning your child, but it does mean doing a slightly different parenting job. Your task now is to focus more on providing a good rhythm and a consistent routine for quieting at the end of the day, but it is no longer solely your responsibility to make your child go all the way to sleep.
What does this look like, in practical terms, from the parenting side? It can be simple. In the first few months of life, it means not always nursing or bottle-feeding your child all the way to sleep. Instead, feed them until they are settled and calm but still awake, and then let them try doing the last 10 to 20 percent of the calming/sleeping process. Here is the sequence: feed (taste) to a point of satiated, calm wakefulness, then put your child down to fall asleep (not yet completely asleep). If they stir or make a sound, let them be for a few minutes. You have just opened a space for your child to not be solely reliant on taste for soothing. That’s a life skill!
If your child is older and you have been lying with them until they fall asleep, once they are tucked in, you can move to a chair, away from the bed, and sing a lullaby or talk about a favorite memory. Close contact (which invariably involves the senses of smell and touch) helped signal that it is time to settle, but now you have opened a space for your child to practice the last part of the self-soothing process. You let them know it’s time to get ready – putting on their pajamas, brushing their teeth, reading them a story, giving them a cuddle and tucking them into bed (probably a good two-thirds of the bedtime routine) – and now you create a space for them to do the rest. After a period of adjustment your child will take on this self-soothing practice and move into a new phase.
Raising Sound Sleepers is an invaluable resource that will empower parents and caregivers to guide children towards rest, sleep and feeling calm – skills that will last a lifetime.
Our book reviews are arranged many weeks in advance. I had no way of knowing that current events in Europe would make the review of Educating Traumatized Children all the more relevant.
Teachers and parents will both sense the relevance of this book in the modern educational landscape. Trauma, much as we might hope to relegate it to the purview of special educators and therapists, has become a daily facet of life.
Gone are the days when only one or two children in a class were in need of "special help".
Bernd Ruf found his calling at the time of the 2006 Lebanon War. Since then he has facilitated the development of "Emergency Education". He and teams of teachers, doctors, psychologists, and therapists have taken part in crisis interventions around the world. They work with psychologically traumatized children and young people in war zones and disaster areas.
Bernd Ruf presents an anthroposophical understanding of trauma itself. There is a an extensive examination of psychological trauma and healing the frozenness of trauma. The book contains many vignettes of their trauma work and concludes with emergency education as threshold education.
Although the book is written primarily out of the experience of emergency educators in trauma situations, I would imagine that many classroom teachers and parents would find much they recognize in their "normal" world.
Mercury Press, an initiative of the Rudolf Steiner Fellowship Community in Spring Valley, New York, has been publishing interesting, unique, and useful books and pamphlets for more than fifty years. They include resources for teachers, children’s books, books on anthroposophic medicine, original translations of Rudolf Steiner's works, biographies, and much more.
As of December 15, 2021, Mercury ceased its mail-order operations and no longer publishes books. However, the fruits of this publishing initiative are not lost. Many of the titles published by Mercury are now or will soon be available through SteinerBooks as of 2022.